Glossary

Appellation/denomination - a legally defined and protected geographical indication used to identify where the grapes for a wine were grown; other types of food often have appellations as well.


B

Barrique - refers to a specific size and shape of oak barrel. Barrique barrels are relatively small barrels. Barriques are also known as Bordeaux barrels, because it was in Bordeaux that their shape and size was designed and developed.  Today, barrique barrels are regarded the best-known storage vessel for wine, and aging wine in such barrels is considered a sign of quality.

Bordeaux wine has been produced in the region since the 8th century. The historic part of the city is on the UNESCO World Heritage List as "an outstanding urban and architectural ensemble" of the 18th century.


C

Cabernet Sauvignon - Cabernet Sauvignon became internationally recognized through its prominence in Bordeaux wines where it is often blended with Merlot and Cabernet Franc. The classic profile of Cabernet Sauvignon tends to be full-bodied wines with high tannins and noticeable acidity that contributes to the wine's aging potential.


Classifications

DOCG - Under Italian wine law DOCG is the highest designation of quality among Italian wines. DOCG stands for Denominazione di Origine Controllata e Garantita (Denomination of Controlled and Guaranteed Origin, DOCG).

IGP - stands for Indicazione Geografica Protetta. This applies to agricultural products or foodstuffs whose qualities and/or reputation are derived from their geographical origin and whose production and/or transformation or processing occurs in the given geographical area.

IGT - Indicazione geografica tipica is the third of four classifications of wine recognized by the government of Italy.


G

Grape Types

Cabernet - is probably the most famous red wine grape variety on Earth. It is rivaled in this regard only by its Bordeaux stablemate Merlot.

Cabernet Franc - is one of the major black grape varieties worldwide. It is principally grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the Bordeaux style. Cabernet Franc is lighter than Cabernet Sauvignon, making a bright pale red wine that contributes finesse and lends a peppery perfume to blends with more robust grapes.

Chardonnay - is a green-skinned grape variety used in the production of white wine. Chardonnay wine tends to be medium to light body with noticeable acidity and flavors of green plum, apple, and pear.

Glera - also known as Prosecco, is a white variety of grape. The variety was formerly mostly referred to as Prosecco, but in the EU was renamed "Glera" in 2009 to make room for the protection of "Prosecco" as the name of a geographically-protected wine.

Malbec - is a purple grape variety used in making red wine. The grapes tend to have an inky dark color and robust tannins, and are known as one of the six grapes allowed in the blend of red Bordeaux wine.

Merlot - is a dark blue-colored wine grape variety, that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. Merlot's low acidity serves as a balance for the higher acidity in many Italian wine grapes with the grape often being used in blends in the Veneto.

Muscat - Muscat Blanc grape – one of the oldest wine grapes in the world! Italian name for Muscat.

Pinot Grigio - is a white wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. Thought to be a mutant clone of the pinot noir variety, it normally has a grayish-blue fruit, accounting for its name but the grapes can have a brownish pink to black and even white appearance.

Pinot Nero - The Italian synonym for the great Pinot Noir varietal. The Nero grape is considered one of the noblest red grape worldwide and is another variety that belongs to the so called "international" grapes of French origin, but widely cultivated around the world. Pinot Nero is usually light and fruity.


M

Moscato - a sweet Italian dessert sparkling wine famous for its sweet flavours of peaches and orange blossom, made from Muscat Blanc grape – one of the oldest wine grapes in the world! Italian name for Muscat.


 

P

prosciutto crudo di parma - an Italian dry-cured ham that is usually thinly sliced and served uncooked; this style is called prosciutto crudo in Italian (or simply crudo) and is distinguished from cooked ham, prosciutto cotto.


R

Region

Ai Galli - The farm Azienda Agricola Ai Galli was built about the seventies and now is set in nearly 50 hectares of vineyards, which are all situated in the D.O.C. (controlled designation of origin) Lison-Pramaggiore production area. The production of a wide range of good wines has been more and more appreciated by wine connoisseurs. The awards won in the last years are not final achievements for the company, but a confirmation that the undertaken way is the right one.

Asolo - This region offers the production of high-quality DOCG-certified wines, thanks to key points of excellence such as the peculiarity of the gravel-based terrain, medium-texture clay,and its mild microclimate.

Delle Venezie - a popular and recognizable IGT (Indicazione Geografica Tipica) due to its large production and exportation of refreshing, crisp white wines produced from the Pinot Grigio grape.

Lison-Pramaggiore - is a DOC of the Veneto wine region in northeastern Italy. It covers a wide range of styles including red and white still varietal wines, multivariety blends, spumante and dessert wines. The Lison-Pramaggiore title covers in their entirety half a dozen communes in the Venezia province, one in the Treviso province and three in the aforementioned Pordenone province. A number of other surrounding communes fall partially within the catchment area.

Veneto - is a substantial and increasingly important wine region in the northeastern corner of Italy. Veneto is slightly smaller than Italy's other main wine-producing regions - Piedmont, Tuscany, Lombardy, Puglia and Sicily - yet it generates more wine than any of them. Today more than 25 percent of the region's wine is made and sold under DOC/DOCG titles.

Venezia - is by far the largest DOC in Veneto region. Venezia is the Italian name for the city of Venice. It is also of the wine DOC the area was granted in December 2010. Wines labeled as DOC Venezia appeared on shelves as of the 2011 vintage, and indicated a thoroughly modern, varietal-led appellation, well-tuned to the demands of the modern wine consumer.


S

San Daniele ham - an Italian product of excellence; a miracle performed for centuries in the exact same way, retaining the same unique taste of tradition. San Daniele ham only has two ingredients: meat and sea salt with no preservatives or additives so it can be considered a healthy natural product. The pigs are fed on a diet of good quality cereals and whey and they must be at least 9 months old at the time of slaughter.

Sangiovese - a red Italian wine grape variety that derives its name from the Latin sanguis Jovis, "the blood of Jupiter". From the delicate floral strawberry aromas of Montefalco Rosso to the intensely dark and tannic wines of Brunello di Montalcino, Sangiovese wine has something for everyone.

Sommelier - a trained and knowledgeable wine professional, normally working in fine restaurants, who specializes in all aspects of wine service as well as wine and food pairing.

Sulphites - substances that are naturally found in some food used as an additive to maintain food colour, shelf-life and prevent the growth of fungi or bacteria.

Syrah - also known as Shiraz, is a dark-skinned grape variety grown throughout the world and used primarily to produce red wine. Syrah is more consistently full-bodied with softer tannin, jammier fruit and spice notes of licorice, anise and earthy leather. In many regions the acidity and tannin levels of Syrah allow the wines produced to have favorable aging potential.


T

Tannin – 1 of the 5 basic wine characteristics. Tannin tastes dry and astringent and you can feel it specifically on the middle of your tongue and the front part of your mouth. Unsweetened black tea is a great example of nearly pure tannin dissolved in water.

Tignanello - first Sangiovese to be aged in barriques, the first contemporary red wine blended with untraditional varieties (specifically Cabernet) and one of the first red wines in the Chianti Classico region that didn't use white grapes.


V

Vineyard

Bosco del Merlo - The Bosco del Merlo estate winery started up in 1977 in Annone Veneto, founded by siblings Carlo, Lucia and Roberto Paladin. The name “Bosco del Merlo” is derived from local topographical maps which refer to the oak forests that once covered the area. The vineyards of Bosco del Merlo are situated between the ancient Roman consular roads of Via Annia and Via Postumia, dating back to the early centuries after Christ.

Montelvini - For 135 years, the Serena family has dedicated itself to wine production with skill and passion. In 1968, Armando Serena, current president of Montelvini, embarked on an innovative, experimental and forward-thinking road, initiating autonomous wine production in Venegazzù, a small region in Montello, creating a new style wine producer, unique in the most important growth years for international wine culture.

Paladin - Paladin Vigne e Vini is the first winery of the whole Casa Paladin group - a family owned estate founded in 1962  in Motta di Livenza, near Treviso, at the boundaries of the Venetian land.

Vino Spumante - sparkling wine.

Vino Spumante Dolce - sweet sparkling wine.

Vivino - a wine app that scans wine labels and provides all the details about that wine such as ratings, price, features, and the nearest store where you can buy it or purchase and order directly on your phone.


W

Wine connoisseurs - an individual who has deep knowledge of the subject of wine. This knowledge goes beyond knowing how to taste wine or having a deep appreciation. A seasoned connoisseur will, for instance, have the ability to assess a young wine and know its aging potential.